Monday, September 14, 2009

Jane Ison Family History Group Inc.

OK the site is up now.

Jane Ison Family History Group Inc. is a family history group for the descendants of the Jane Ison Family. Check out the site if you are an Australian with European ancestry that goes back to the first settlers.

The URL is

Sunday, September 6, 2009


Just a short post this time. I have quite a bit of work I want to get done tonight.

I have just started a new website for my friends in the JANE ISON

We are moving this site from another system so there is already quite a bit of information compiled.
As soon as it is up to date I will post again. If you are an Australian with roots back to the first European settlers you might find we have some of your ancestors listed here.

Anyway, check it out in a couple of weeks and see how we are going.

Wednesday, June 3, 2009

Free Food - Dandelions

Other Diet Posts
My Diet - The Beginning
Cereal Bowl Cakes
More Diet Food Ideas

Vegetable Garden Posts
My Vegetable Garden - The Beginning

Free Food - Dandelions

I have heard about these plants before but did not do anything about the information until recently.
My vegetable garden is based on a talk by Jill Cockram. You can read her article at

Part of her talk focused on the benefits of growing and eating dandelions. She encouraged her listeners to plant some of these little treasures in amongst the other herbs and vegetables. I did not deliberately do this, but in my most recent patch of seedlings a nest of dandelions sprang up.

To start with I was just going to pull them out and put them back in the mulch bin. Then I decided to do some research and find out what parts of the plant I could eat and when to harvest them. After doing the reading I decided to pull them all out at about one month old. They were very tender and easy to pull without disturbing the other plants. The literature I read suggested that plants that had not matured to flower stage were much easier to prepare for eating.

I put them in my kitchen sink with a quantity of fresh cold water and washed off the loose mulch. I did not bother to blanch them, just put them in a plastic bag and straight into my freezer. I know that blanching is recommended for long term storage but I do not intend to keep them very long and I will not be thawing them out before I cook them.

The next day I decided to use my Cereal Bowl Cake recipe to make a snack. Instead of using the sweet ingredients I used some chicken soup diet food that I had made up using some gravy powder. I grabbed a few of the dandelions out of the freezer and crushed them up, really easy when they are frozen. These were added to the mix just before I put it in the microwave.

I was very happy with the results and have made more since. The next thing will be to add the dandelions to my standard meals along with any other green leaf vegetables. I will certainly be making sure that I get a few dandelion seeds for future planting with my vegetables next time they flower in my front lawn.

If you want to read more about dandelions has quite a lot of information.


Wednesday, May 6, 2009

More Diet Food Ideas

Other Diet Posts
My Diet - The Beginning
Cereal Bowl Cakes

Vegetable Garden Posts
My Vegetable Garden - The Beginning

More Diet Food Ideas
I ran out of rice flour today and went to get some more from my local international food outlet.

While I was there I started to chat with the store owner and told him about my diet. He suggested I try some Dhall and Besan flour as well. While I was looking for these two ingredients I noticed some Almond flour. I bought a bag of each along with my rice flour and headed home to make up a new batch of diet food mix.

So here is my new recipe:

1/3 cup of Dhall flour
1/3 cup of Besan flour
1/3 cup of Almond flour
1/3 cup of Rice flour
1/3 cup of Maize flour
1/3 cup of wheat germ
1/3 cup of your favorite milk flavor (If its not yummy enough with 1/3 of a cup you can make it 2/3 of a cup. Its still only a small part of the food)
2 cups of skim milk powder (or you could use a non dairy replacement for this)

mix dry ingredients well and store in an air tight container.

Add 1/3 of a cup of this mix to your chosen amount of water. You can use any amount of water but between 200ml and 600ml makes a good meal.

Buying my flour the way I do means that these meals cost about $1 Australian each. Much less than the ones in the supermarket and chemist stores. This diet recipe works just as good as theirs. The secret is in the size of the meal.

REMEMBER!!! You should only use this diet mix for one or two meals each day. It is critical that you continue to eat at least one normal size meal every day so that you do not get sick or cause your stomach to shrink. You only want to loose excess weight, not become anorexic.

Hold the press.......
If you don't want to use sweet things for the flavor why not use some gravy powder. There are hundreds of varieties you can choose from. I have made a chicken flavored meal using chicken gravy powder and it tastes just terrific. I am still using 1/3 of a cup of this powder.

And now that winter is coming in the southern hemisphere, you could use heated water. Want more heat? Try a sprinkling of your favorite pepper. Stir well.

Sunday, April 26, 2009

Cereal Bowl Cakes

Cereal Bowl Cakes

One of the things that many of us have a problem with is desert. I am one who likes sweet things and often have a problem with saying I have had enough. Buy a packet of chocolate biscuits when you know that there will not be anyone to say "Didn't you just have one?"

My daughter came up with this great idea some years ago when she was living at home. Cereal bowl size cakes made in the microwave. Instead of using a set of scales to measure the quantities we use the spoon that we eat our breakfast with:

1 heaped spoon of margarine or butter.
1 heaped spoon of sugar.
2 heaped spoons of flour.
1 heaped spoon of full cream milk powder.
1 heaped spoon of your favorite milk flavor or ice cream topping.

Blend together with a fork, add water till the mix is the right texture and pop in the microwave for a few minutes.

Of course these cakes were not actually diet food, but they gave me the basis for a change into healthier eating. At least I had a measurement to help me say "Enough food has been consumed". If you can convince yourself that you do not need to buy any chocolate biscuits because you can make your own desert at home you will be on the right tram to take advantage of a couple of ideas I have had in the recent past.

About a year ago I had reason to experiment with rice flour while trying to help a sick friend. Our initial ideas did not work but it gave me an oportunity to learn a lot about its ability to absorb liquid. I added rice flour to my pantry stock list.

I already knew quite a bit about flour from my years of making my own bread. One of the things I used was maize flour. This is also a main ingredient in South American traditional breads. Another thing I often did was to take my breakfast muslie and put it through the coffee blender.

Now I have started a new page in my recipe book with the addition of my weight loss diet. (See the previous post on this blog). But how do you tell yourself you must stop coming up with new ideas? Enter the weight loss cereal bowl cake.

When you are on a liquid based diet there are often times when you fancy something to eat but really want to still have your scheduled diet food. If you make your eating "include" the diet meal you still keep most of the benefits of the meals ingredients. So here is a recipe for a cereal bowl cake using some of my diet food ingredients.

2 heaped spoons of rice flour.
1 heaped spoon of maize flour.
1 heaped spoon of wheat germ and LSA mix
1 heaped spoon of skim milk powder.
2 spoons of olive oil.
1 heaped spoon of your favorite milk flavor or ice cream topping.

Blend these together with a cooking fork.

Take care with this next step. You will not need very much water.
While still blending with the fork, add enough water to make it smooth but still thick.

Place this mix into a microwave safe cooking container and place in your microwave.
Cooking depends on the power of your microwave. Mine takes about 4 minutes to cook this amount of food. You must NOT let your cake dry out completely or it may ruin our microwave. Better to try 1 minute at a time and just keep restarting until the mix has become like a cake. Once you have made your first cake you will know how long to cook for next time.

Remember that we have not added any yeast or cooking powder so it is not going to rise unless the flavoring you added has some rising effect.

Your cereal bowl cake will probably be more like a biscuit than a sponge cake but it will be very enjoyable. Have it with a cup of your favorite drink.

Saturday, April 25, 2009

Eastwind's Diet

My Diet - The Beginning

Having a slow metabolism can be a problem as you get older. I find that I do not use all the energy that I take in when I eat the same meals that I did when I was younger. The result is that I gradually increase in weight through the year and then come summer I look like a pregnant woman when I put on my swimmers.

A couple of years ago i went on a diet from one of those chemist weight loss plans. It was very successful but cost me a small fortune. My actual food bill was much higher than eating my normal large meals.

I decided to go on a diet again recently and was going to try the cheaper meals from the supermarket. I went shopping to buy the packets of food and returned home having completely forgotten to go to that section of the shop.

I was disappointed with myself for having done this, wanting to start the diet that day. I sat down to think about when I would return to the shop to get the meals. While sitting and thinking I remembered that I had several flour types in the cupboard along with my usual breakfast add-ons and decided to try mixing up my own meal using these ingredients.

I just used one tablespoon of each of the flours then added some chocolate drink mix and finally some milk powder. I added this to some water and stirred it up. When I tasted my concoction I was pleasantly surprised.

I decided to make up a larger batch and try it for the next week using the measurements for mixing a diet meal from the one I had purchased from the chemist; 1/3 of a cup of diet food to 200ml of water. After one week of having this diet food twice each day I had lost 1kg and that was without any serious exercise at all.

So here is the recipe for my diet:

First you get a bag of wheat germ and add one bag of LSA [Linseed Sunflower and Almond] mix (both from your supermarket health food section). You need to blend the LSA into the wheat germ in a container so that you will always get an even amount when making up your meals.

You need a bag of rice flour and a bag of maize flour. I got these from an Indian food outlet but you may get them from somewhere else depending on your supermarkets.

You also need a container of some sort of milk additive food flavour. Kids milk flavour or drinking chocolate will do. I have made up one batch using half drinking chocolate and half instant coffee. You could use anything you like as long as it will dissolve in cold water.

And you need a bag of skim milk powder. Make sure the milk powder mixes easily in cold water. Most of them do but some do not.

Now to the measurements for a batch of the meal mix:

2/3 cup of rice flour
2/3 cup of maize flour
2/3 cup of wheat germ and LSA
2/3 cup of your chosen flavouring
2 cups of skim milk powder

Place these dry ingredients in a large container and mix well with a wooden spoon or cooking fork.

Using the diet food:

For your meal you take 1/3 cup of your meal mix and add it to your chosen amount of water. You can use anywhere between 200ml and 600ml of water depending on your hunger level. You must continue to stir the meal as you drink because the wheat germ tends to settle out and you don't want a large amount in your mouth at one time. The taste is not unpleasant but it tends to be uncomfortable in your mouth. Its a bit like eating sesame seeds off of a spoon.

If you use these meals for two of your meals each day and eat a normal meal for your third you will loose weight quite fast. If you add a bit of exercise you will loose it even faster. It is important that you have one meal a day that matches your current normal diet so that you do not let your stomach shrink too much. You MUST maintain your ability to eat normally. You can limit your diet meal to one per day when you have reached your goal. This will help you maintain your loss. Once you have made your goal, you only need to use the diet meals if your weight goes up more than 2kg.

It is important that you do any weighing of yourself first thing in the morning after you have been to the bathroom. Do not repeat the weighing later in the day. It is normal and required that your weight be higher at the end of the day than in the morning for normal body functions. It is normal for your weight to be around 1kg higher at the end of the day than it was in the morning. Also it is important to realize that water, an essential part of life is very heavy. We must drink around 1ltr per day to allow our body to operate properly. If we get dehydrated we will get sick. Water is required to flush out the waste products from our body every day. For most people, water is not part of our weight problem. So weighing ourselves once a day is healthy and will not cause us to panic when we drink a bit of water in the heat of the day.

It is perfectly ok to take a day off from the diet once a week and even to "Pig out" on that day. You will still gradually loose weight over a couple of months even with such days off. That is how I have been doing my diet. It has taken me about 3 months to go from 92kg to 84kg. I have only had a small amount of exercise each week during this time.

How to succeed at dieting:

I know many people want to loose weight but fail. There are many reasons, most of them are in their own minds. It is hard to think of diet when everyone around you is eating junk food and drinking loads of alcohol. You need to have a definite reason to want to diet and also set a goal that is reachable. It is better to plan to loose 5kg and succeed than to plan to loose 20kg and fail. You can set your goal for another 5kg when you have completed your first journey.

So tell all your friends and family that you need to go on a diet. Tell them your goal and tell them about your progress. You will get support to win if you share with people who care. You are sure to find someone else who has succeeded and you might inspire others to join you. Treat this as an adventure, not a prison term. You are increasing your quality of life, not missing out on some poorly planned "eat fest".

Remember that with this diet you do not have to outlay loads of money buying food that you can only use as diet food. The ingredients I have listed here can be used in many ways in all sorts of recipes. When you have reached your goal and you cut down on the number of diet meals you can add the ingredients to your other cooking and use them up while they are still fresh.

Sunday, April 19, 2009

What I do for a job

One of the questions often asked is "What work do you do?" I thought I would put a small post here with some of the highlights of my work.

I have been working on an on-line shopping centre for about four years. It started out just as a hobby with a friend who wanted to learn about Linux, but now I actually receive a few hours wages each week looking after it.

The url is and the site is based in Australia. Our focus is for companies who already have an established business but do not have a website or do not have any e-commerce features but would like them. We offer a range of services including assisted site maintenance. For those who do not have programming skills, this is the perfect way to have a powerful e-commerce site.

The structure of the site is based on the MySql, PHP, HTML trilogy with just a sprinkling of JavaScript to add a couple of special features. Most visitors to the site can have JavaScript turned off if they don't normally allow it to run. Except for the odd special page that includes video, there is no need to have any of the special page viewers installed. The oldest web browser is capable of seeing the majority of the site.

So take a look and feel free to use the "Contact Us" page to give us some feed back on your impressions. Please keep the comments on the constructive side. I have enough negative thoughts of my own :-)


Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Tomtom One Navigator

Recently I bought myself a Tomtom One navigator.

I got it on special because it was the last one of the previous model. I don't usually have any problems with such deals so I didn't think twice when the deal was offered to me.

I had been looking at the different brands available for some time. I did not keep a record of the number of inquiries I have made but I always finished up leaving disappointed by the sales persons negative approach to my questions. I am sure I am not alone in my use of my navigator. I travel by public transport quite a lot and wanted a navigator that I could operate when on foot. Except for the person who sold me my Tomtom, every salesperson I spoke to told me that using a navigator designed for a car would not be successful when not in a car.

I finally found a salesperson who was positive that he could meet my needs. He strongly recommended the Tomtom over the other models available because of the customer support provided. This was a real encouragement to me. He assured me that I could get the latest maps for my unit at no extra cost even though I was buying a superseded model.

Now you know that I am a Linux user. As usual, the Tomtom software is only supported by Maxcrowsloth so I had to hold my breath while I organized a computer to connect to the internet for my new maps. Using an old box donated by a friend, I downloaded the update program. Sadly it would not run. I used the contact us link on the Tomtom site to send out a please help me email.

The site said two days wait so I decided to look around for some quicker sources while waiting.

A search on the net found a lot of negative dribble from people who did not seem happy with the help from the Tomtom people. I was a little worried about this, however, after about three days I got my first lot of assistance from a very polite staff member who seemed to know exactly what I needed to do. I needed to update the Maxcrowsloth box to have all the latest slurry.

Of course you can't blame the Tomtom people for things they do not do themselves. So after about 200MB of downloads (three nights worth) I finally got a system that was updated with all the latest Maxcrowsloth patches. Now I could connect to the Tomtom site and get my new files. I downloaded the 70+MB of data and ran the install. Woops. Now the unit won't work at all. Fortunately I read the rules before I started and simply did a restore to my original maps.

Another contact to the help people and I was informed that I should have first updated my main operations program and then installed the maps. Silly me. So after another session to download my running software I again installed my maps. Yahoooo.... everything works perfectly.

So now I finally have what I have looked for. A unit that has specific operations for walking, push bike riding and car travel. It even shows me the bike trails around my area. It also gives me the opportunity to make adjustments to many of the map references including speed limits and turning restrictions such as no u turn at lights where there is not a special permission sigh. I can even give meaningful names to any roads that are not already named, such as within shopping centre and railway stations car parks. Of course you can adjust the turning permissions and speed limits for these areas as well.

So I am one happy camper with regards to my purchase. I would highly recommend this product to anyone who is thinking of a navigator.

As for the people who are bagging the Tomtom, "Sorry for your loss". I think you should show a little restraint and patience. Of course, knowing a little about the sad state of the average computer with a Maxcrowsloth operating system, I can understand some of the frustrations. But the problem is not with Tomtom.

Wednesday, February 25, 2009

Working with a text console

I thought I would post some notes on working with a text console or "terminal interface" using the Linux operating system. This has particular value when you are maintaining a web site on a local server.

Note!! In some places in this document there are words with capitals in the middle such as userName, fileName and directoryName. These words are being used to represent a file or directory that you will be working with. To execute the command being explained at this point in the document you must substitute the actual user, file or directory name for the one with the capital in the middle.

Web page data needs to be kept in a manner that stops people who should not have access to change the content. We can do this by setting the files and directories to be read only for these unauthorized people.

The easiest way to do this is by using a terminal interface and using the text based commands that allow us to see and adjust the read/write permissions.

When you are working with a Graphical User Interface [GUI] such as gnome or KDE, the terminal interface is often identified by an icon that looks just like a computer monitor. Activate this icon and you will be ready to begin. It is possible to have several of these terminals running at the same time and often it is beneficial to work this way. If you want to look at something else while in the middle of working with a command, just open another terminal. Switching between them just requires a left mouse button click on the top coloured line of the terminal area you wish to work with.

Very important note !!! You must ALWAYS use lower case when you are working with the following text commands. Linux is case sensitive. The only time you can use capitals is when you have a capital letter in the file or directory name.

You can use the text program called midnight commander to move and copy files. This program can also be used to change the settings on files and directories, however, you can't see the settings as easily as with the ls command. We will look more at midnight commander later in this document.

First we will look at the ls command. ls is the listing command and the name comes from the first and third letter of that word. ls has many options that can be applied. We will look at the -la options at this time. If you enter the command ls -la and press the enter key you will see the files and sub directories available in the current directory. if you just enter ls you will still see some information but you will not see any of the read/write settings.

Below is an example of using the ls -la command when looking at the desktop of my eeePC. You can see the file you are reading now is on my desktop at the time of this view.

eeepc-eastwind:/home/eastwind/Desktop> ls -la
total 24
drwx------ 2 eastwind eastwind 4096 2009-01-24 13:25 ./
drwxr-xr-x 39 eastwind eastwind 4096 2009-01-24 13:08 ../
-rw-r--r-- 1 eastwind eastwind 69 2009-01-24 13:08 .directory
-rw-r--r-- 1 eastwind eastwind 4398 2009-01-24 13:08 Home.desktop
-rw-r--r-- 1 eastwind eastwind 947 2009-01-24 13:34 Webfiles.txt

The first two lines (repeated below) show the directory structure of this part of the system. The single dot ./ means the current directory and the two dots ../ mean the parent directory. to the left of these dots is the time and date when the directory was created or last altered. Next to the left are the group and owner entries. Many Linux systems have a group called users for all user files.

The system I am using to develop this part of the help file calls the group the same as the user.

The x means that the directory is executable or in other words, accessible. The r means it is readable and the w means writable. The d tells us that it is a directory and not just a single file. There are three groups of the rwx settings. The set on the right represent the world, the centre set represent the group the user belongs to. The set on the left represent the user who owns the directory. In the example you can see here, only the owner can do anything with the current directory. The parent directory is accessible and readable by everyone but still only writable by the owner.

drwx------ 2 eastwind eastwind 4096 2009-01-24 13:25 ./
drwxr-xr-x 39 eastwind eastwind 4096 2009-01-24 13:08 ../

The next line we will look at is the listing for this document. You can see that there is no d on the beginning of this line. This is because this is not a directory but is a single file. This file is read/write by me but only readable by every one else. This is the setting we should have for every file that is used on a web site.

-rw-r--r-- 1 eastwind eastwind 947 2009-01-24 13:34 Webfiles.txt

If we want to change the settings of an entry we use the chmod command. We use numbers to represent the rwx set. the number 7 means rwx. The number 6 means rw. The number 5 means rx. The number 4 means r only. The number 3 would be wx. The number 2 would be w only. The number 1 would be x only. The number 0 means we do not have any access at all. However, unless you can read the file you really can't do anything so the settings that do not include the r are never used in a web site.

To set a directory we need to make sure we put the x in the settings. The command chmod 755 directoryName is the one we should use to set a directory for a web site.
To set a single file we use chmod 644 fileName or we can use the extension of a group with a wild card for the file names. An example of this would be chmod 644 *.jpg to change all the photos in a directory that have the .jpg extension.

When we are working with long filenames we can use the tab key to complete the file name once we have put the first letter on the screen. If there is more than one file with the first letter we enter the first part up to the point where there is a difference in the file name then press the tab key. Linux will offer the files that have the letters we have entered each time the tab key is pressed. When the file name is complete we can just press the enter key.

To move into a directory we use the cd command. The command is in the form of cd directoryName and would be given while in the parent directory where an ls command showed directoryName as one of its sub directories. To move back from this directory we enter the command cd .. where the two dots mean parent directory as in the ls command. We can use the tab key to complete the directory name in the same way as explained above.

The su command lets us work as the Super User or owner of the entire computer file system. It is not wise to do much work as the Super User because it is possible to do damage to the file system, however, in certain circumstances we have no other choice. We should close the terminal where we used the su command as soon as that specific task is completed. All the commands explained in this document can be carried out when you are logged in as the Super User. The next topic, ownership changes, can only be done by the Super User.

We need to change the ownership and group of a file sometimes when we have moved or copied it from a directory that is owned by another user. This is particularly applicable when we have used the su command to allow us to access an area owned by another user.

The two commands that are needed for this ownership change are the chown and chgrp commands. To change the ownership we enter the command chown userName file/directoryName while in the directory where we can see the file or directory with the ls command. To change the group we just substitute the chgrp command for chown and enter the file/directory name in the same way. If the group is not the same as the userName, such as in the case where the users are all part of the one group called "user" then we need to put that name in the chgrp command line in place of the userName. We can also use the wild card * just as in the chmod example above. This would then be chown userName *.jpg to change all the .jpg pictures to be owned by a the user who owns the directory.

The mc command is very powerful. Midnight Commander (mc) comes up in the terminal with two columns showing files available. There are also two menus, one on the top of the screen and one on the bottom. We can move from left to right of the screen by using the tab key. We move up and down the listing with the cursor arrows. You can also use the mouse to move around and select the menus. Moving to the /.. entry and pressing enter or clicking the left mouse button will move you to the parent directory.

The numbers on the bottom menu also represent the function keys of the same number. For example if we press the f9 function key the top menu (pull down) will be activated. Pressing the f10 function key closes mc.

To move or copy files using mc we first need to have the source and target directories showing on the screen. It does not matter which side we use for target or source. For this explanation I will say that the left hand list is the source and the right hand is the target.

Press the tab key so that you have your highlighted bar on the right of the screen. We will create a new directory here called temp. The f7 function key (7 on the bottom menu) is the directory create command. Press f7 and enter the word temp in the data entry box. Press the tab key once and move to the ok box then press enter. You now have a new directory called temp. Your highlighted bar is on this directory. Press the enter key once. Now you are in the temp directory.

Press the tab key so that you have your highlighted bar on the left of the screen. Use your cursor keys to move down to one of the files. The files do not have a / in front of them. The names that have the preceding / are directories. When you have chosen a file press the f5 function key (5 on the bottom menu).

You will now have a box with a number of options. You move around the box using the tab key. When you are on an option, pressing the space bar will toggle the selection on or off. By default the top line will show a * and represents the file you were on when you pressed f5. We leave the shell patterns X on. By default the target will be the other side of the screen to where you pressed f5. The only thing we sometimes do is move to the end of this box and alter the file name if we there is already a file with that exact name in the target directory. The target file name is the last box we move to using the tab key.

We normally leave follow links unselected. Dive into subdir is necessary if we are actually copying a whole directory. If we don't select this when copying directories we may find that some files do not get copied. If you are copying files from a CD or DVD we should de-select the preserve attributes option. If we just leave the X in place for this option we will have read only files in such a situation. Also if we are copying files from a memory stick, we will find that every one has read write access to the data and we will need to adjust the files to be 644 with chmod. We should always check everything with ls -la after we have copied files or directories so if you do not adjust this option it is not going to cause you too many problems. It just saves time if we copy with the correct attributes in the first place. Stable symlinks is normally left unselected.

The final step is to move to the ok button and press the enter key. Now you have a copy of your chosen file in your temp directory. Take care not to use the f6 key unless you want to move the file away from the source directory. F6 does not copy. It moves the file. Mostly we do not move files unless they are a problem in the source directory.

Having multiple copies of a file is usually a good thing in case we accidentally delete or corrupt a file that we have been working with. Todays computers do not always write files to the hard drive immediately. To save time there is a cache system that only writes the file to hard drive when the memory is full or you issue a complete shut down of the computer. If there is a power failure when you are changing a file, the data could be lost. This is why we should always use the shut down options to turn off a computer and not just turn off the main power switch.

Saturday, January 17, 2009

Vegetable Garden Later Photos

Here are some photos of the garden with vegetables growing.
In the first year I actually put some Tiny Tim tomatoes in the centre. The second year I changed this and began my herb garden in the centre with some basil and later added other herbs.
Also in the second year I was given a mulch bin to hold my grass clippings. This means I need a much smaller area for my mulching process.

This is an early batch of mulch. You can see it spreads out over a large area

And the next photo shows how I plant the seeds in a row of potting mix in the centre of a growing area

As you can see, I do not have a huge amount of veges growing all the time. This is a hobby for me, not my whole food supply.

I could grow much more if I wanted to put in the time. This type of garden will produce food in relation to the amount of mulch you pile up in the growing areas.

I just keep moving round the circle. When a crop is finished I put down a new lot of mulch in that section and plant seeds again. If I find the weeds have grown in the patch I put down some more newspapers over the weeds before I put in the mulch. Sometimes I allow a few of the plants to go to seed. Then I can either let the seeds fall to the ground and self sow the next crop or I collect the seeds and plant them in rows on the top of new mulch. It all depends on how much mulch is still left after the crop has finished.


Vegetable Garden First Photos

Here are some photos of my garden as promised in the last post.
The first ones are of the initial organization of the site.

I put a roof tile on the end of the path to keep the gravel in the garden area

The step area protrudes into the planting area and lets me reach to the edge of the garden

In the last photo you can see the hose round the edge. This is how I marked the outside border of the garden.